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Click on name for biographical sketch

LINEAGE

 
        1. Antipater II
[ ? - 43 BCE]
= Cypros
(Arabian)
   
___ _ ________________ _ __________|__________ _ ____________________ _ ___
|   |   |   |   |
Salome
[ ? - 10 CE ]
  Phasael
[ ? - 40 BCE ]
  |
|
  Joseph
[ ? - 38 BCE]
  Pherorus
[ ? - 5 BCE]
        |        
1. Doris
(Edomite?)
= ================ = 2. Herod
"the Great"

[ruled 39 - 4 BCE]
= ==================== = 7.Cleopatra
of Jerusalem
|   2. Mariamne I
m. 32 BCE
[d. 29 BCE]
= = 6. Malthace
(Samaritan)
  |
  Antipater III
[ ?- 4 BCE]
    3. Philip
[ruled 4 BCE-34 CE]
    ||    
___ _ ________|   3. Mariamne II
(daughter of Boethus)
  |__________ _ ____
|   |     |   |
Alexander
[ ca 30 - 7 BCE]
  Aristobulus IV
[ ca 31 - 7 BCE]
  |   3. Archelaus
[ruled 4 BCE - 6 CE]
  3. Antipas
[ruled 
4 BCE- 39 CE]
Herod II Boethus
[25 BCE - after 30 CE]
[called "Rus"]
|   |   |      

 ||

|
|
  |
|
  Salome
(daughter of Herodias)
       ||
 ||
|   |________ _ ____________________ _ ____________________ _         ||
|   |   | | |  ||
 4.Tigranes IV
of Armenia
  4. Herod of Chalcis
[ruled ? - 48 CE]
  4. Agrippa I
(b. 10 BCE )
[ ruled 39 - 44 CE]
  Aristobulus V   Herodias
[? - 43 CE]
           
    |   |__________ _ ________________    
    |   |   | |    
    5. Aristobulus VI
of Chalcis

[ruled 52 - 92 CE]
  5. Agrippa II
(b. 28 CE)
[ruled 50 - 93 CE]
  Berenice Drusilla
[ ? - 79 CE]
= Antonius
Felix

[governed 
52 - 60 CE]

 

Key
   Ruler - client of Rome                Lesser heir of Hasmonean priests
   Lesser descendent    Non-Hasmonean Jewish spouse
   Roman procurator    Non-Jewish spouse
=  double line > married     |      single line > descendents
1.  order of succession 1.  order of Herod's marriages
 Herod   Click on highlighted name for biographical sketch

NOTE

Herod's wives create logistical problems for graphic representation of all his descendents & their complex inter-relationships. The 5 wives presented above [indicated by a double line: == ] are those whose children had the greatest impact on the history of the House of Herod. For completeness, however, the following table lists all of Herod's 10 wives & 16 children. Since Josephus [Antiquities 17.19-22] does not give details on most of the marriages & births but, instead, claims that Herod practiced polygamy like the Hebrew patriarchs, the numbering in this table should not be interpreted as an exact historical sequence.

 

Wife Son(s) Daughter(s)
 1. Doris  1. Antipater III  
 2. Mariamne  2. Alexander
 3. Aristobulus IV 
 4. Salampsio*
 5. Cypros II
 3. Mariamne II  6. Herod II  7. Salome
 8. Phaesalis
 4. ? (daughter of his sister, Salome) (none) (none)
 5. ? (daughter of his brother, Pheroras)  (none) (none)
 6. Malthace  9. Archelaus
10. Antipas
11.Olympias
 7. Cleopatra of Jerusalem 12. Philip
13. Herod
 
 8. Pallas 14. Phaesalus  
 9. Phedra   15. Roxanne
10. Elpis   16. Salome

* Herod's oldest daughter Salampsio (4) was married to Phasael II, the son of Herod's older brother by the same name. They had 3 sons & 2 daughters, the youngest of whom [Cypros III, named after Herod's mother] was married to her cousin Agrippa I, the son of her mother's brother, Aristobulus IV (3). She was the mother of Agrippa II. [Marrying daughters to uncles or cousins was common in the family of Herod & other contemporary rulers & was not regarded by Romans or Jews as incest].

Reference: Josephus, Antiquities 17.19-22.

 

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[ Rise of Antipater & Sons ] Herod's Reign of Terror ] [ Uprisings after Herod ] Galilee under Antipas ]

 

Perspective on the World of Jesus

with new translations from primary texts

Copyright 1999-2008 by Mahlon H. Smith
All rights reserved.

an American Theological Library Association Selected Religion Website
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