Note: Some texts are buried deep in e-archives. If title link does not work, click source.

[ General Sources ] [ Language Tools ] [ Anatolia ] [ Egypt ] [ Mesopotamia ] [ Persia ] [ Syria & Palestine ]

General Resources

ETANA - Electronic Tools and Near East Archives

Gateway to online resources of the Oriental Institute (Chicago). ABZU electronic bibliography indexes  advanced scholarly research on the ANE by author, project title, subject or journal. Core Texts provides free access to digital editions of ANE documents; while eTACT is the definitive archive of English translations of Akkadian texts on the web.

Ancient & Lost Civilizations

Ellie Crystal's illustrated e-dictionary of ancient peoples & places includes pages on Akkadia, Amorites, Egypt, Iran, Assyria, Babylon, Canaan, Chaldeans, Kassites, Medes, Mesopotamia, & Sumer.

Biblical Archaeology Society

Homepage of the publishers of Biblical Archaeological Review features a Bible History Daily blog, free ebooks, and a library of over 7,000 articles from back issues of BAR & other BAS journals.

Duke Papyrus Archive

The Special Collections of Duke U offers on-line access to texts about & images of 1373 Egyptian papyri from late antiquity (Greco-Roman era). Religion-related papyri range from pagan cults & magic to Coptic Christianity & early Islam.

History of the Ancient Near East: Electronic Compendium

Mark McDonald's extensive well-researched collection combines excerpts from historical & biblical texts, archaeological reports, & images of places & peoples spanning the eastern Mediterranean from Turkey to Egypt to Iran from prehistoric times through the early centuries CE & acts as gateway to related resources elsewhere on the internet.

The Oriental Institute's Virtual Museum

This guided tour of the UCOI's resources provides highlights of the collections, photographic archives, archaeological & philological projects.

World Wide Websites Relating to the Ancient Mediterranean

K. C. Hanson catalogs 250+ major on-line resources for research on the Mediterranean world in antiquity.


Language Tools

Champollion le Jeune: Grammaire Egyptienne

From Internet Archive: a facsimile edition of classic 1836 Egyptian grammar (in French).

The Language of Ancient Egypt

Jacques Kinnaer's elegantly-illustrated e-textbook includes an introduction to heiroglyphic script, sign lists, a concise grammer & a key to deciphering royal names & titles (Ancient Egypt Site).

Learn Assyian

Robert Oshana provides an audio-visual introduction to Aramaic script, phonetics & vocabulary.

Sumerian Language

Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature offers an introduction to the oldest known Mesopotamian language & the deciphering of cuneiform script.

Old Akkadian Writing and Grammar

Electronic edition of I. J. Gelb's 1961 textbook (archived by Oriental Institute of U Chicago).

Digging. Help fill holes.

This page was revised 27 January 2023


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